The Document Object Model (DOM) is a cross-platform and language-independent interface that treats an XML or HTML document as a tree structure wherein each node is an object representing part of the document. The DOM represents a document with a logical tree. Each branch of the tree ends in a node, and each node contains objects. DOM methods allow programmatic access to the tree; usually they allow modification of the tree as well.
In addition to providing access to the structure of a document, the DOM also provides a way to access and manipulate the content of a document. The DOM can be used to change the style, structure, and content of a document.
The Document Object Model is an important concept in text analytics because it provides a standard way for computers to understand documents. This understanding is necessary in order to extract information from texts automatically.
The Document Object Model is not specific to text analytics, but is instead a general concept that can be applied to any type of document. However, the term is most often used in the context of web development, where it is used to refer to the structure of HTML documents.
Other uses of Document Object Model
In addition to its use in text analytics, the Document Object Model can also be used in other fields such as web development and software engineering.
In software engineering, the term Document Object Model is sometimes used to refer to a data model that describes the objects that make up a document and the relationships between those objects. This type of document object model is different from the one used in text analytics, but both models can be used to represent documents in a computer-readable format.